It broadly refers to people who are descendants in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor or patriline. Generally the gotra forms an exogamous unit, with the marriage within the same gotra being prohibited by custom, being regarded as incest. According to the Brihadaranyaka Upanisad 2. One who follows the system defined by three sages defines himself as tri-a-rishaye.M. Nanjundaswami on untold history of Malas and Madigas Part-I
Similarly, for five sages, it is pancha-rishayeand for seven sages, it is sapta-rishaye. There exists another theory about gotra: sons and disciples of a sage would have the same gotra; it is believed that they possess similar thought and philosophy.
People of the same gotra can be found across different castes. Each Gotra comprises pravaras. As a Rigvedic terms, gotra simply means "cow pen" or "herd of cows". These "lineages" as they developed among the Brahmins of that time meant patrilineal descent. The Brahmanic system was later adopted by other communities, such as the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas .
All members of a particular gotra are believed to possess certain common characteristics by way of nature or profession. Many theories have been propounded to explain this system. According to the vedic theories, the Brahmins are direct descendants of seven sages who are believed to be the sons of Brahma, borne out of his mind through yogic prowess.
To this list, Agastya is also sometimes added. These eight sages are called gotrakarins, from whom all 49 gotras especially of the Brahmins have evolved. For instance, from Atri sprang the Atreya and Gavisthiras gotras. According to Robert Vane Russellmany gotra of hindu caste are of totemic origin which are named after plants, animals and natural objects.
These are universal among non-aryan or primitive tribes, but occurs also in Hindu castes. The commonest totem names are those of animals, including several which are held sacred by hindus, as bagh or nahar, the tiger; bachas, the calf; murkuria, the peacock; kachhua or limun, the tortoise; nagas, the cobra; hasti, the elephant; bhainsa, the buffalo; richaria, the bear; Kuliha, the Jackal, kurura, the dog; karsayal, the dear; hiran, the black-buck and so on.
The utmost variety of names is found, and numerous trees, as well as rice and other crops, salt, sandalwood, cucumber, pepper, and some household implements such as pestle, rolling slab, serves as name of clans.
Thus name of the rishis or saints, Bharadwaj means a lark, Kaushik means descended from Kusha Agastya from agasti flower, Kashyapa from kachhap a tortoise, Taittiri from titar a partridge. Similarly the origin of other rishis is attributed to animals, Rishyasringa to an antilope, Mandavya to a frog, Kanada to an owl. The usual characteristic of totemism is that the member of clan regard themselves as related to or desendend from, the animals or trees which the clan takes its name, and abstain from killing or eating it.
A gotra must be distinguished from a kula. A kula is equal to a particular familyor equal to modern day "clans", Kula does relate to lineage or caste. Marriages within the gotra 'sagotra' marriages are not permitted under the rule of exogamy in the traditional matrimonial system.
The compound word 'sagotra' is a union of the words 'sa' and 'gotra', where 'sa' means same or similar. It is common practice in preparation for Hindu marriage to inquire about the kula-gotra meaning clan lineage of the bride and groom before approving the marriage. People within the gotra are regarded as siblings and marrying such a person would be thought of as taboo. In almost all Hindu families, marriage within the same gotra is not encouraged or practised since they are believed to be descended from the same family.
Marriages between different gotras are therefore encouraged. But marriage within the jaati is allowed and even preferred. Gotra is always passed on from father to children among most Hindus. However, among the Malayali and Tulu people it is passed on from mother to child.
In communities where gotra membership passed from father to children, marriages were allowed between a woman and her maternal uncle,  while such marriages were forbidden in matrilineal communities, like Thiyyars and Tuluvaswhere gotra membership was passed down from the mother.I published a Post on the Surnames of Brahmin Community.
I had in my mind to publish a complete list of Brahmin Gotras. I am posting a list from the available resources and people may also contribute with authentication to make this List a Comprehensive one. Another concept is that of Pravar Rishis who were a few of the most learned and capable sages belonging to that gotra.
There are exceptions to the rule too. For example the descendents of Maharishis Bhrigu and Angirasa cannot marry, because of the same Pravara Rishis, which are common to the two individuals. This indicates the fact some of the Rishis had more than one wife, at different timesfor example Parasara.
I that case the male offspring from each of the Wives are added and the third if there are any more differentiation. Another instance is when a Rishi changes his Varna. Viswamitra was a Kshatriya and his original name was Kausika. In the following List you may find the left out gotras and you might find duplication of what has been posted above. Like Like. Sir, Your list is not complete. Jangra Brahman, which is mentioned in our old text from the clan of Angira maharishi also know as Angiras has been left out by yourself.
He had also written Angira Smriti, which displaying sloks on religion, politics and other matters like Vidhur Niti. Address which is kuldipsinghkalkandha gmail. Suggestions welcome. You may send me information in detail to make the list comprehensive. Thank you. He is described in the Rigveda as a teacher of divine knowledge, a mediator between men and gods, as well as stated in other hymns to be the first of Agni-devas fire gods. Please comment. This maharishi has also written Arthavvada.According to researchers like Ambedkar, the Mahars and similar communities like Malas were actually warriors of some defeated kingdom, they were pushed down in social status,they were disarmed but retained as village servants.
See C. Brown Telugu-English Dictionary 2nd edition. As a community they believe at some point they were independent people not subject to any caste restrictions and resent the present condition as unfair.
There is also evidence that as recent as years ago many interior tribal people who moved out of forests to find sustenance during famines were incorporated as Malas by the caste Hindu cultivators.
And it has been pointed earlier, some of them were employed village messengers Maskoori or Elodu and some as watchmen of the village chavadi by the middle of Twentieth century. Malas were also employed to dig graves. Malas employed to see the irrigation in villages called Neerati, Neeradu. Mala women were skilled in basket making. Further Sri Krishna Devaraya mentioned that Malas were bandits along with Boya commnity, that was the reason why Malas in later period were appointed as Kavalivaru or Talavari to prevent thefts and bandits in village.
Baindlas were priests assisting at Mala festivals and sometimes at sacrifices for the whole village when epidemics like cholera visit the village.
A senior pambala priest cuts the sheep neck with his teeths and kills it. They build the Bodrai and completes the Pooja, Balulu, etc. Few years ago the Hindu Brahman pujaris Ayyagarlu, Priests hesitated to attend Mala marriages, children naming ceremonies and other functions in Mala people homes.
At that time Pambala people have done the job of the Brahman Pojaaries. In villages, Pambala people know Sidda Vaidyam or Pasaru Vidhyam a process of using raw medicinal plants in curing people and animals. Jangams were traveling priests begging from Malas and at night they were to keep vigilance at the graveyards.
Poturajus were another group of priests serving the village spirits both benevolent and malevolent. They also assist the priestess when the sacrifices were offered. Mashtis were traveling acrobats performing their heroics at the outskirts of the villages where caste villagers turn up to watch them.Visalia police blotter
Mala dasoos were another set of priests who reside with Mala settlements. Dandems were agricultural laborers either hired or bought by landlords. In old Hindu religion the weavers who we called as Sale or Shali or Padmashali, Chowdary and the tailors Mera or Merugu people hesitate to weave or sell or stitch cloths.
They have made very good use of the Christian educational programs, considerably elevating their social position and now form part of the upper middle c lass.Its a great thing that you took initiation to display the surnames of the community, if it is divided with the some commas, that would be good to understand. Now its little difficult to read as well. Kindly add my surname in the list. Thank's a lot. Sreedhar Kamuni: Hi Saumya, you did great job ,great effort. Add my surname to the list "Kamuni" Thanks.
I want to know the meaning of surname "medam". I also want to know what surnames infer and how they came into existence. Hi saumya thanks for the info it was very useful especially to check the caste of my first crush :P.
Hii sowmya, my sir name is Chitluri. I have checked the list,but it shows only chituri and chitlur You have to Add the following surnames also Dear Saumya I feel listing surname has no meaning, instead I recommend to add one more column to this of gotra, wherein all the surnames are grouped under limited no. This probably will be more meaning full. My name is bhaskara kumar.
Our Gothram is Vinukula. Hi saumya From Santhosh vidiyala. I am yeswanth kothagundu,i searched for the last name kothagundu but not found can you people add this one to the list of arya vysya lastname's list.Pdf font extractor
Hi soumya nice work, but my surname is not there in in the list.Gotra is the clan system. At the birth, children get gotra from their father. But a girl gets transfer to her husband's gotra after her marriage. We can also see some rare examples of people changing their gotra doing some rituals.
There are main 7 gotras evolved from rishis who were mind-born sons of Bramha, one of three hindu triniti. To this list, Agasthya is also sometimes added. There are 49 established hindu gotras today all of which are itself or evolved from those earlier seven gotras. Some sources say that there are khas surnames today. As elsewhere in hindu community, in Nepal too marriage with sagotri is socially unacceptable.
In past marrying with the sagotri of upto three generations of mother side was also unacceptable. But in present day, there is a saying "budamawaliko ghar jogaunu-mawali ko thar jogaunu" mean "No marriage with the family member of maternal great-grand parents - no marriage with anybody having same last name of maternal grand parents". As education, awareness and desire to reform the system increases, today we can also see many cases of marrying with sagotri fighting with the society.
But there is always a debate whether marrying with sagotri is good or bad not only on traditional basis but also on scientific basis.
List of Gotras with Thar (surname, Lastname)
I belong to gurung family. Do you know gotra of few Newars. I am Shrestha my gotra is Kashyap. Do you know gotra of Malla, Pradhan and Maskey. I am a ghimire bista. And i have a gf her father mother before marriage was a ghimire would this be any problem for us in future for marriage. Good collection. Khulal khatri s are the one with Dhananjaya gotra. Can be vought in very nominal price in bhotahiti Hello sir my problem is that I am confused between ahtri and ahtriya I am ahtri and my partner she is ahtriya can I Marry her??
Please malai euta kura vanidinuma. Hello, I'm Anup Gurung. I'm very much curious to know about the gotra. Can anyone please tell me what gotra does Lama Gurung belongs to? Please reply it!!! Hajurlai dherai dhanyabad.A Gotra is the lineage or clan assigned to a Hindu at birth. In most cases, the system is patrilineal and the gotra assigned is that of the person's father.
An individual may decide to identify his lineage by a different gotra, or combination of gotras. This was because Lord Rama's great-grandfather Raghu became famous. A common mistake is to consider gotra to be synonymous with cult or Kula.
A kula is basically a set of people following similar rituals, often worshipping the same God the Kula-Devata - the God of the cult. Kula has nothing to do with lineage or caste. In fact, it is possible to change one's Kula, based on his faith or ista devatha.
It is common practice in Hindu marriage to enquire about the Kula-Gotra meaning Cult-Clan of the bride and bridegroom before approving the marriage.
In almost all Hindu families, marriages within the same gotra are prohibited. But marriage within the kula is allowed and even preferred. Many lines of descent from the major rishis were later grouped separately. Accordingly, the major gotras were divided into ganas subdivisions and each gana was further divided into groups of families. The term gotra was then frequently started being applied to the ganas and to the sub-ganas.
Every brahmin claims to be a direct patrilinial descendant of one of the founding rishis of a certain gana or sub-gana. It is the gana or sub-gana that is now commonly referred to as gotra. While the gotras were classified initially according to nine?Electoral competition and political rents
The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus :. Please do solve this query!!! What is my gotra. My emailID is Chauhan.
Worshipping the same kula devata doesn't mean they are of the same gotta. Hi, We are Dogra Brahmin from Upamanyu gotra. I am Kanaiya. Sadnani from Ahmedabad. Pkease Mail me on kanaiyasadnani gmail.The word " gotra " means "lineage" in the Sanskrit language. Among those of the Brahmin castegotras are reckoned patrilineally.
Each gotra takes the name of a famous Rishi or sage who was the patrilineal forebearer of that clan. And each Gotra is addressed by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant. The concept of Gotra was the first attempt among Brahmins to classify themselves among different groups. At the beginning, these gentes identified themselves by the names of various rishis AngirasaAtriGautamKashyapaBhriguVasisthaKutsa ,and Bharadwaja ; the first seven of these are often enumerated as Saptarishis.
It is to be noted that Vishwamitra was initially a Kshatriya king, who later chose and rose to become an ascetic rishi. Hence the gotra was applied to the grouping stemming from one of these rishis as his descendants. Many lines of descent from the major rishis were later grouped separately. Accordingly, the major gotras were divided into ganas subdivisions and each gana was further divided into groups of families.
The term gotra was then frequently started being applied to the ganas and to the sub-ganas. Every brahmin claims to be a direct patrilinial descendant of one of the founding rishis of a certain gana or sub-gana. It is the gana or sub-gana that is now commonly referred to as gotra. Pravara is the number of the most excellent -cf. Gotra is the name of the founding father. In vedic ritual, the importance of the pravara appears to be in its use by the ritualist for extolling his ancestry and proclaiming, "as a descendant of worthy ancestors, I am a fit and proper person to do the act I am performing.
While tying the knots of sacred thread, an oath is taken in the name of each one of these three or five of the most excellent rishis belonging to one's gotra. While the gotras were classified initially according to nine? According to the listing of authors included in the verses in Rigvedthe rishi Jamadagni was a descendant of rishi Bhrigu while the rishis Gautam and Bharadwaja were the descendants of rishi Angirasa.
There were a group of rishis well-known as yogithey believed that, they are originated from lord shiva, successor of that rishis are under shiva gotra and well-known as rudraja brahmin.
The pravara identifies the association of a person with three or sometimes five of the above-mentioned rishis. For example, Kashyapa Gothram has 3 rishis associated with it viz. Kashyapa, Daivala and Aavatsaara. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus :.
Although people belonging to the same gotra are, in theory, related to each other patrilineally, and belong to the same Brahmin caste, there may be very little else in common between them. In fact, as per the Vedic system, a man and a woman belonging to the same gotra are considered to be a brother and sister, and hence, a marriage between a man and a woman belonging to the same gotra known as sa-gotra is forbidden as it will cause anomalies in the progeny that come out of such a marriage.
A married woman takes up the gotra of her husband. The fact that people belong to a certain gotra says nothing about their domicile, original place of residence, mother tongue or family occupation, which can be known from than lower lever classification below gotra: pravarassutra of Kalpashakhaand Haritash,Indoria, Kavist. Sign In Don't have an account?Adhan mp3
Contents [ show ]. Main article: Gotra. Categories : Brahmins Gotras. This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia.
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